Wanitzek, and H. In Cameroon, the study focuses on the recently constructed Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline—financed, owned and operated by a consortium of trans-national corporations—exploring its implications for gendered land tenure regimes in the communities along the pipeline. For example, Endeley has identified special arrangements made in the environmental management plan for the Bakola and Bagyeli pygmies which excluded other affected communities as a source of friction because it was considered discriminatory.
Such diversity will necessarily reflect how women make sense of their individual worlds—their subjectivities—as, for example, they make choices about how to negotiate marriage or kinship relations. This line of thinking parallels that of Lila Abu-Lughod with respect to kinship. This analytical gap has contributed to one of the more intractable controversies in the literature, i.
This is probably due to the training of the researchers, but also because of the limitations of post-structuralist concepts for analysing questions of land tenure and livelihoods. Quantitative data were very important for the Vietnam team in establishing scientific legitimacy for the project in their institutional context and for gaining the ns of government policymakers. Also, much Netherlands Antilles fucking black woman has been written on the globalisation of production, trade, investment and finance at national and multi-national levels Khor ; Pearson ; Jaggar ; Gills ; Mcgrewwomwn at the level of local communities and their members.
A formulation which stands out in several of the studies Porro, Endeley is the idea of gender as negotiated. Endeley notes that while the decision to compensate actual land users for crop losses ensured that gender inequalities in land ownership were not transferred to the compensation regime, the long term loss of Im too cool for this of farmers, both male and female, was ignored.
The nature of these forest plant resources, some naturally generating and others planted on forest lands, had created a field of common property resources with livelihood possibilities for large s of people as harvesters and processors. The Vietnam team plan to report back to the provincial government and other officials on their findings, which wommen suggested was critical for the impact of the research on later state interventions in land policy.
Quantitative data, particularly on the prevalence of particular livelihood strategies, were important for the Ghana team which administered questionnaires at two research sites. In others, changing resource tenures resulting from the commercialisation and concentration of these resources, while appearing to provide the opportunity for a levelling of land relations, had reinforced male-centred tenure arrangements in shrinking the ownership structure to a very small all male group.
Hutchful, E. In the south on the other hand, households with ownership interests in land were more likely to sell and purchase land outright. The focus is on exploring the processes through which these concepts are negotiated.
Government Code - GOV. Logo, P.
At one time, it had 88 Ogoni people out of 5, Nigerians in its workforce representing just 2 per cent Watts A second main message for me, however, was just how contentious the issues are. Braun, B. Lavigne-Delville, P. With respect to the earlier project, Schroeder shows how market gardening provided women differentiated primarily by age and marital status with the material and discursive means find fuck buddy elsberry missouri rescript household relations, womem the conjugal contract.
Related to this, the nation state and markets in the era of globalisation were discussed, drawing especially on the Cameroon and Latin America cases. The work that is begun here shows how ificant are the constraints of the powerful economic, political and social relations around land.
Some of these insights of post-structuralism are the contingent and shifting character of gender identities, the struggle over meaning in the discourses of globalisation, the meaning of land and questions of resistance in everyday lives. Gills, D. Mohanty, A. Abdullah, H. Another is the observation that local communities are dealing directly with trans-national corporations, thus raising questions about the role of the nation state, and last Want to talk shawnee not least, the finding that women struggle in different capacities, linked with the nature of the threat to their livelihoods and communities.
It is important to re-assert the centrality of gender as we respond to these difficult and challenging processes. In Cameroon, the study looks at the impacts on the communities along the Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline, which is financed, owned, and operated by a consortium of trans-national companies. ns
Gills argues that the intensification of the exploitation of labour under globalisation has resulted in new forms of organisation and resistance. Bartra, A.
The Amazon project sought to study how gender was negotiated under conditions of change in land tenure linked to processes of globalisation. The Vietnam team did research in both northern and southern areas, which were differentiated by history and land tenure regimes.
In the Ghana study, the discussion focuses on the liberalisation of land tenure systems and the common goals of land tenure reforms across sub-Saharan Africa in the service of foreign direct investment. In Vietnam, researchers explore agrarian transitions taking place in the context of a major shift from a socialist to market economy and the de-collectivisation of land.
Accra: Third World Network.