Escort groups were a World War II tactical innovation in anti-submarine warfare by the Royal Navy to combat the threat of the Kriegsmarine ' s " wolfpack " tactics.
Retrieved 18 January The 36th through 44th escort groups remained relatively unchanged escorting convoys between Liverpool and Gibraltar and Sierra Leone. Although the wolfpack was co-ordinated in that a of boats would be concentrated on a target convoy, once gathered the boats would attack individually without any attempt at further co-operation.
The unit, made up of naval officers and the young women of the WRNS disseminated instructions to over 5, Allied officers with "considerable success". The development of these 'escort groups' proved an effective means of defending shipping convoys through the Battle of the Atlantic. Any tactical arrangements had to be made on the spot, and communicated by al lamp to each ship in Female in leipzig for sex.
In practice, escort group cohesion was impaired by frequent changes of escort personnel and transferring ships between groups. The WATU was a RN analysis team founded in early to study the conduct of convoy operations using wargames and lectures. In WAC had 8 escort groups formed.
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An Escort Group consisted of several small warships organized and trained to sscort together providing protection for trade convoys. Pauk a ten-day period infour U-boats were sunk with the loss of three of Germany's top U-boat commanders. On the basis of experience during World War Ithe Admiralty instituted trade convoys in United Kingdom coastal waters from September This level of teamwork was never achieved by the attacking U-Boats.
These escorts were not numerous enough or sufficiently long ranged to accompany convoys across the Atlantic, but would screen convoys to and from meeting points thought to be beyond U-boat range defining the edge of the Western Approaches. The ships were unaccustomed to working together, and often had no common battle plan or tactics.
Register Forgotten password? Command of the escort force fell to the senior officer present, and could change as each new ship arrived.
The following escort groups had been formed prior to United States Navy escort participation in the autumn of . Log in. Convoy escorts were initially ased on an ad hoc basis, dispatched as and when available, and arrived singly or in small groups. Initially unprotected, a force of 11 warships were assembled but 12 ships in the convoy were sunk from attacks during the night while none of the U-boats were damaged.
The Child Care Program office is not responsible for providing or maintaining any of the content below and is therefore not responsible escotr any out-of-date or erroneous information that may appear here. Over the next three days they fought off attacks by the wolfpack for the loss Minneapolis Minnesota sluts wanting sex five ships and one corvette; 28 ships arrived safely.
These deficiencies led to a escor defeat in October when Convoy HX 79 from Halifax to Liverpool was attacked by a wolfpack of five U-boats remaining after an attack on convoy SC 7.
Registration form Forgotten password? Early escort groups often contained destroyerssloopsnaval trawlers and, later, corvettes of differing specifications lacking the ability to maneuver together as a flotilla of similar warships, but rigorously trained in anti-submarine tactics to use teamwork emphasizing the unique sensors, weapons, speed oaul turning radius of each ship. Download as PDF Printable version.
Namespaces Article Talk. It was not unknown for U-boats to get in each other's way whilst attacking, or collide with each other. If you would like to register your child at this facility please go to the Online Child Care Registry.
By operating together under a single leader, groups were able to develop group tactics and practice their use; with the issue of a single short command the various ships of the group, often out of sight of each other, could be relied upon to act in a co-ordinated fashion. Time and again during the Battle of the Atlantic relatively small, well-handled escort groups were able to frustrate attacks by more ssint groups of U-boats, and ensure the "safe and timely arrival" of their charges.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Women who want sex Independence Missouri ri. View Printable Version. The ships of the earlier groups which had only a short range and were unsuitable for MOEF duty were reased to the Western Local Escort Force or duty with coastal convoys or the arctic convoys supplying the Soviet Union.